3 edition of Cinchona in Java found in the catalog.
Cinchona in Java
Bibliography: p. 80-83.
|Statement||by Norman Taylor; with an introduction by Pieter Honig.|
|LC Classifications||SB295.C5 T3|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||87|
|LC Control Number||agr45000321|
and British interests to pirate cinchona seeds out of Peru and set up plantations in Java, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), and India. In fact, through the liberal ingestion of quinine-infusedAuthor: Jesse Minor. Book: All Authors / Contributors: Otto Kuntze. Find more information about: OCLC Number: Description: iv, pages illustrations: Reviews. User-contributed reviews Tags. Add tags for "Cinchona; Arten, Hybriden und Cultur der Chininbäume. Monographische Studie nach eigenen Beobachtungen in den Anpflanzungen auf Java und im Himalaya.
In book: Natural Products, pp bibliography on all aspects of the chemistry and biology of Cinchona alkaloids with. Java was occupied by the Japanese in , resulting in : Karol Kacprzak. Cinchona is known as a magic bullet for malaria and its cultivation was dominated by Java on a global scale in the 19th century. In , in accordance with a suggestion by Takeaki Enomoto, the Meiji government made a request to the Dutch government that cinchona seedlings be distributed to by: 1.
Origins of Quinine or Cinchona (Jesuit) Bark. According to the CDC, the cinchona tree was named for the wife of the Spanish viceroy to Peru, the Countess Anna del Chinchón. In a popular story the Countess fell ill with malaria in , but the use of . The Dutch then smuggled seeds of Cinchona ledgeriana out of Bolivia, paying $20 for a pound of seeds, and soon established extensive plantations of quinine-rich cinchona trees in Java. They quickly dominated the world production of quinine and, by ; the majority of the world's supply of quinine was under the total control of the Dutch "kina.
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Cinchona in Java;: The story of quinine, Hardcover – January 1, by Norman Taylor (Author)Author: Norman Taylor. Cinchona in Java: The Story of Quinine. This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables. Genre/Form: Classical Works Historical Works: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Taylor, Norman, Cinchona in Java.
New York, Greenberg . Buy Cinchona; Arten, Hybriden Und Cultur Der Chininbäume: Monographische Studie Nach Eigenen Beobachtungen in Den Anpflanzungen Auf Java Und Im Himalaya (German Edition) on FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders.
For more than two centuries the exploitation of cinchona in its natural forests went on unchecked; it is chiefly due to the French savant, WEDDELL, who visited the cinchona districts inthat efforts were eventually made to introduce the plant into other tropical countries in order to prevent its total extirpation.
Ina Dutch expedition under HASSKARL brought seeds and Cited by: 1. Cinchona alkaloids from Cinchona succirubra and Cinchona ledgeriana. The introduction of several species into cultivation in the same areas in India and Java, respectively, by the English and Dutch East India Companies led to the formation of hybrids.
Automated multiple development thin layer chromatography of some plant extracts. Cinchona Culture in Java in The Malayan Agricultural Journal v () pp and The Future of the Trade in Cinchona Bark in Bulletin of the Imperial Institute.
Appended to the pamphlet are tables showing the present state of cinchona-culture in Java, the rate of growths of the plants, and the results of chemical analyses of the various species cultivated. Monsieur van Gorkom has had the advantage of having his work rendered into the more generally accessible German language.
The main species introduced were Cinchona succirubra or red bark, as its sap turned red on contact with air, and Cinchona calisaya. The alkaloids quinine and cinchonine were extracted by Pelletier and Caventou in CINCHONA ENTERPRISE IN JAVA. This is a digitized version of an article from The Times’s print archive, before the start of online publication in To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does not alter, edit or update them.
In the middle of the 19th century, though, seeds of Cinchona calisaya and Cinchona pubescens were smuggled out of South America by the British and the Dutch. The calisaya species was planted and cultivated in Java by the Dutch and the pubescens species was cultivated in India and Ceylon by the British.
However, the quinine content of these species. Cinchona Plantations in Java Die Chinacultur auf Java Books Received | 23 December Transactions of the Bremen Scientific Association— Abhandlungen des naturwissenschafilichen Verens zu Bremen.
Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Andersson () finally resolved and simplified the taxonomy of the genus Cinchona and, in particular, the confusion surrounding the identification of the quinine species of commerce. His was the first revision since (Prendergast and Dolley, ).One of these, collected by the botanist and explorer Richard.
Remedy of the Month - China/Cinchona officinalis It all has to begin somewhere and our homeopathic materia medica most surely begins with China, also known as Cinchona officinalis.
Named China (keen'-a) from the Peruvian Quechuan name "queena-queena," roughly translated as "bark-bark," this bark of a native tree of the equatorial Andes was a. The Dutch then smuggled seeds of Cinchona ledgeriana out of Bolivia, paying $20 for a pound of seeds, and soon established extensive plantations of quinine-rich cinchona trees in Java.
They quickly dominated the world production of quinine and, by ; the majority of the world’s supply of quinine was under the total control of the Dutch.
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
The Netherlands held a colony in Java, a climatically suitable location to cultivate Cinchona, but there were no seeds or seedlings to grow.
When the director of the Java Botanical Garden—Mr. Justus Hasskarl, of German origin—was about to travel to South America on a secret mission to acquire seed material, a German journalist broke the news. The main species introduced were Cinchona succirubra, or red bark, as its sap turned red on contact with air, and Cinchona calisaya.
The alkaloids quinine and cinchonine were extracted by Pierre Joseph Pelletier and Joseph Bienaimé Caventou in Two more key alkaloids, quinidine and cinchonidine, were later identified and it became a routine in quinology to Clade: Tracheophytes.
Quilled red bark from India averages about per cent.; that from Java is richer, yielding about per cent. Calisaya quills afford about 6 or 7 per cent, and pale bark about 6 per cent. Ledger bark from Java is the richest of all, yielding from 5 to 10 or even more per cent, of total alkaloid.
Quinine tree, ted cinchona or quina, Cinchona pubescens, Cinchona succirubra, Quinquina rouge. Handcoloured steel engraving by Debray after a botanical illustration by Edouard Maubert from Pierre Oscar Reveil, A. Dupuis, Fr. Gerard and Francois Herincq’s La Regne Vegetal: Flore Medicale, L.
Guerin, Paris. The quantity of cinchona produced in India (4 per cent, of the total production) represents also only about one-third of the amount actually consumed under present conditions in India itself.
The position therefore is that India, the only cinchona producing country of consequence other than Java, makes no attempt to supply the needs of other.With the drop in prices, more and more Cinchona planters in British Ceylon and India switched to tea, while exports from South America and Africa dropped as well, and by80% of the bark exports were coming from Java.
34 In the early s, the Amsterdam Cinchona market overtook the one in London. 35 Ina second public auction house Cited by: Javan Cinchona plantation. Dutch surprise. The Dutch were the first to make growing Cinchona commercially successful. They created plantations in their colony of Java that eventually dominated.